Myanmar pulse trade urges India to increase annual import quota for tur and urad
Anticipating higher production of tur (pigeon pea) and urad (black matpe) in 2022, Myanmar’s pulse exporters want the Indian government to increase its annual import quota for these products. Last year, India – the world’s largest producer and consumer of pulses – signed a five-year memorandum of understanding with Myanmar to import 2.5 lakh tonnes of urad and one lakh tonne of tur from annually. neighboring country. According to the Overseas Agro Traders Association (OATA) Myanmar, the association of legume exporters based in Yangon, the production of tur in Myanmar is expected to more than double to around 2.5 lakh tonnes, while the crop size d ‘urad increases by about eight percent to 6.75. lakh tonnes in 2022.
“We would like to urge the governments of India and Myanmar to consider doubling the import quantities of tur and urad as part of the MoU,” said Vatsal Lilani, President of OATA Myanmar, at the meeting. ‘a recent webinar on the outlook for tur and urad in Myanmar. “If the quotas are not increased to five lakh tonnes for urad and two lakh tonnes for tur by the Indian government, it is possible that farmers will turn to other cash crops which have a ready market. across Myanmar’s land borders. If the Indian demand in the following years is for larger tonnages and they are not available, we could see dramatic price increases, ”said Lilani.
“An important step”
Nidhi Khare, Supplementary. The Secretary of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs said: “Myanmar is a very important partner when it comes to supplying urad and tur. It contributed 69% and 98% of total imports in 2019-2020 and 2020-2021. We are dependent on imports because there is a huge gap between demand and supply. The five-year MoU is an important step towards a stable and predictable import policy for pulses and assured availability regardless of short-term policy changes and adjustments. “
Hitesh Jain of AGT Foods and Secretary of OATA Myanmar said that every policy India takes on urad will have a direct impact on Myanmar farmers. This year, urad’s production is expected to be 50,000 tonnes or more higher than last year, as plantings have increased, meaning that production estimated for 2022 would be around 675,000 tonnes. With the Indian government extending the OGL regime until March 31, 2022, and Myanmar’s harvest looming, it will be interesting to see how the markets react in both countries. harvests to wean them would be difficult, he said.
Lalit Pant of Viterra India said urad production in India this year is expected to be around 27.50 tonnes lakh (according to early early estimates), but taking into account possible crop damage due to excessive rains during harvest. , production could be similar to last year. . India’s annual requirements are between 30 and 33 tonnes lakh, creating a gap between supply and demand, leaving room for import.
Nitin Kalantri of Kalantri Food Products said production of tur, which has been affected by excessive rains this year, is expected to be 15-20% lower. The Ministry of Agriculture, in its first advance estimate, estimated the harvest of tur at around 44.30 lakh tonnes.
Kalantri said that India’s total annual turk consumption is around 39-40 lakh tonnes, which is met by domestic production and imports. “So far India has imported around five lakh tonnes, of which around 3 lakh tonnes have been consumed. Thus, we have 38 lakh tonnes of this year’s production plus 1.50 lakh tonnes of carry over with NAFED, 1.20 to 1.30 lakh tonnes of carry over with private actors and around 1.75 lakh to 2 lakh tonnes on imports expected from Myanmar by the end of June. Right now the farmers are among the biggest stockists and we don’t expect them to sell the meal at distress prices. Kalantri added that Turkish prices are expected to be between 5,700 and 6,500 per quintal.
Anant Chhajed of Swiss Singapore Overseas Enterprise said the expected opening stock of tur is around 10,000 tonnes and production during the year will be around 2.5 lakh tonnes.
Myanmar mainly depends on India for Turkish exports with very little amount exported to Nepal, UAE and others. A more coherent India import policy will certainly help Myanmar production and the five-year MoU will also help bilateral trade by ensuring trade stability. “There is a demand deficit in the figures for India, therefore, the governments of India and Myanmar should consider increasing the amount in the MoU for tur and it should be to at least two lakh tonnes since the increase in quantity and the MoU also help the Indian government to control retail price inflation, ”he said.